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FAQ - Frequently Asked Questions about 3-D Paving, asphalt and concrete.

If asphalt paving or concrete has ever been a confusing process for you, then you’re in the right place. Welcome to 3-D Paving’s FAQ or Frequently Asked Questions section where our pavement experts have put together some of the most asked questions in our industry as well as a paving dictionary of asphalt and concrete related terms that will make your asphalt knowledge journey a piece of cake. With this helpful resource, any paving contractor near you won’t be able to easily pull the wool over your eyes and you’ll be confident as can be in knowing exactly what it is that your contractor is doing when they take on your project. Go ahead and see why our reputation speaks for itself – we are the go-to paving contractor in South Florida!

Where is 3-D Paving located?

3-D Paving and Sealcoating is headquartered in Coral Springs, FL and serves all of South Florida. With crews regularly in Broward County, Palm Beach County and Miami-Dade County, 3-D Paving is never far away. To see a list of the communities we serve, click here

Does 3-D Paving do residential jobs?

3-D Paving is a commercial paving contractor so they don’t really handle individual residential home projects however, 3-D Paving works in residential communities every day. If it’s a paving project for an HOA, property manager or community manager, call 3-D Paving today toll free 1-855-735-7623 or visit our contact page here.

Does 3-D Paving handle the paving needs of small business?

3-D Paving absolutely works with small businesses throughout all of South Florida. 3-D Paving is a trusted commercial paving contractor that handles the pavement needs of business owners. Call 3-D Paving today for a free quote and consultation 1-855-735-7623 or click here.

Does 3-D Paving offer emergency repair work?

3-D Paving absolutely does emergency services for it's clients. If you are having trouble with a drainage break, sink hole, municipal violation or beyond, call us today. Call toll free 1-855-735-7623.

Can I see some images of 3-D Paving's work?

You can absolutely see images and videos of our work! Take a look at the 3-D Paving media gallery by clicking here. Also, make sure to check us out on YouTube for the latest paving videos by clicking here.

Can I submit a violation notice or images on the 3-D Paving website?

3-D Paving has a document upload feature on the Get Quote page here that will allow you to upload pictures, videos, violations, site plans and more. Need more help? Call the pavement experts at 3-D Paving today 1-855-735-7623. You can also email those items to info@3-Dpaving.com

What is Asphalt Paving?

3-D Paving and Sealcoating is a company that specializes in constructing and repairing roads, parking lots, driveways, and other surfaces using asphalt—a mixture of aggregates, binder, and filler materials. This asphalt paving technique is favored due to its resilience, flexibility, and cost-effectiveness.

Here are the key stages in the Asphalt Paving process employed by 3-D Paving and Sealcoating:

  • Preparation Phase: To begin, the team at 3-D Paving and Sealcoating clears the area designated for paving of vegetation, rocks, or debris. If necessary, they can perform excavation to prepare a solid base for the new pavement.
  • Construction of the Base: The creation of a robust base is crucial for asphalt pavement longevity. 3-D Paving and Sealcoating can construct a base from compacted soil, aggregate materials, or a combination of the two, according to specific project requirements. This base is then leveled and compacted to provide a firm foundation.
  • Laying of the Binder Course: The binder course, also referred to as the base or intermediate layer, is then laid over the prepared base. This is typically a coarser mixture of aggregates bound together with an asphalt binder. The thickness of this layer depends on the intended use and traffic volume of the pavement.
  • Installation of the Surface Course: The top layer of the asphalt pavement, known as the surface or wearing course, is installed next. It comprises finer aggregates and a higher concentration of asphalt binder. This layer provides a smooth, enduring surface that protects the layers beneath from weathering and traffic loads.
  • Asphalt Mix Placement: The asphalt mix is transported to the construction site by 3-D Paving and Sealcoating's specialized trucks and carefully laid using their advanced equipment, such as pavers or asphalt spreaders. The mix is distributed evenly, achieving the desired thickness, and compacted for proper density and stability.
  • Compaction: This critical step in the process is handled meticulously by the 3-D Paving and Sealcoating team. They utilize heavy rollers to compress the asphalt mix, thus enhancing its strength and durability, while ensuring a smooth, even surface.
  • Finishing Stage: The 3-D Paving and Sealcoating team trims any excess asphalt and neatly finishes the edges. Depending on project requirements, they may also add additional features like curbs, gutters, or pavement markings at this stage.

The entire process, from planning and design to execution, requires professional expertise and specialized equipment—qualities that 3-D Paving and Sealcoating prides itself on. They strive to deliver high-quality, long-lasting asphalt pavement to every client.

What is Asphalt Milling?

Asphalt milling, also known as pavement milling, is a process that the team at 3-D Paving and Sealcoating expertly performs. This procedure involves removing the top layer of an asphalt surface without disturbing the underlying or base layers. The goal is to smooth out surface imperfections, correct pavement depth, or repair damaged asphalt before re-paving or applying a new surface or sealcoating.

Here are the key steps involved in the asphalt milling process as executed by 3-D Paving and Sealcoating:

  • Assessment: The initial phase involves the team assessing the condition of the existing asphalt surface to determine the appropriate depth of milling required. Factors such as existing damage, the required surface smoothness, and future use of the pavement are considered during this stage.
  • Milling Operation: Specialized milling machines are used to remove the surface layer of the asphalt. These machines are equipped with large rotating drums studded with carbide-tipped teeth that cut into and remove the asphalt surface. The depth of milling is accurately controlled to ensure the base layer is not damaged.
  • Material Collection: As the milling machine moves along the surface, it grinds up the asphalt into small, manageable pieces, often referred to as 'millings'. These millings are collected by a conveyor system for disposal or recycling.
  • Surface Preparation: Once the milling process is completed, the exposed surface is prepared for its next stage, whether that's the application of a new asphalt layer, sealcoating, or leaving it as a milled surface depending on the project requirements.
  • Inspection and Finishing: The final stage involves an inspection to ensure the milled surface meets the required specifications. If a new asphalt layer or sealcoating is to be applied, the surface will be thoroughly cleaned to ensure optimal adhesion.

Asphalt milling performed by 3-D Paving and Sealcoating is a cost-effective solution for repairing and maintaining asphalt surfaces. It offers the benefit of fixing specific problem areas without the need for a complete and costly repaving job. Additionally, the reclaimed millings are environmentally friendly as they can be recycled for use in new asphalt mixtures.

What is an Asphalt Overlay?

An asphalt overlay is a resurfacing technique used by experienced companies like 3-D Paving and Sealcoating to extend the lifespan of existing pavements. It involves applying a new layer of asphalt over the current pavement, creating a refreshed, sturdy, and smooth surface.

Here's what the asphalt overlay process looks like with 3-D Paving and Sealcoating:

  • Assessment: First, the team at 3-D Paving and Sealcoating will inspect the existing pavement to determine whether an asphalt overlay is the most suitable solution. Not all pavement conditions are suitable for an overlay; for instance, if the base layer is severely damaged, complete removal and replacement of the asphalt might be required.
  • Preparation: If an overlay is deemed appropriate, they will prepare the existing pavement surface. This step includes repairing any noticeable damage like cracks or potholes, cleaning the surface of any debris, and sometimes applying a leveling course to ensure the new asphalt layer adheres properly.
  • Overlay Application: The team will then apply the new layer of asphalt over the existing surface. The thickness of the overlay depends on the condition of the existing pavement and the intended use of the area.
  • Compaction: After the overlay has been applied, it is compacted using heavy rollers. This compaction process ensures the overlay is tightly bound to the existing pavement and provides a smooth, even surface.
  • Finishing: The edges of the overlay are neatly finished, and any necessary pavement markings or signage are applied.

Asphalt overlays done by 3-D Paving and Sealcoating provide a cost-effective way to extend the life of your pavement, improve the surface texture, and enhance the overall appearance of your property. Their team ensures that every step of the process is completed to the highest standards, delivering a durable, high-quality surface every time. Looking for a free quote and consultation? Click here

What is Sealcoating?

Sealcoating, a primary service offered by 3-D Paving and Sealcoating sometimes known as asphalt sealing or seal coating, is a protective measure applied to asphalt surfaces to extend their lifespan and improve their appearance. It acts as a barrier, protecting the asphalt from harmful elements such as water, oils, and UV damage.

Here are the main steps involved in the sealcoating process as executed by 3-D Paving and Sealcoating:

  • Evaluation: The process starts with a thorough examination of the existing asphalt surface. The team at 3-D Paving and Sealcoating assesses the current condition of the pavement to determine the appropriateness and extent of sealcoating required.
  • Cleaning: Before sealcoating, it's vital that the asphalt surface is clean and free from debris, oil spots, and loose asphalt particles. The team uses power sweeping, power blowing, and even hand scraping when necessary to ensure a clean surface for optimal sealer adhesion.
  • Crack Repair: Any cracks present on the surface are filled and repaired prior to sealcoating. This is an important step as untreated cracks can allow water to seep into the underlying layers of the pavement, causing structural damage over time.
  • Sealcoat Application: Once the surface is prepared, the sealcoat material is applied. This can be done using spray equipment, squeegees, or brushes, depending on the specific requirements of the project. The sealcoat is typically applied in two coats to ensure even coverage and maximum protection.
  • Drying and Curing: After the sealcoat is applied, it needs to dry and cure before the pavement can be used again. This process may take a few hours to a full day, depending on the type of sealcoat used and the weather conditions.
  • Final Inspection: The team at 3-D Paving and Sealcoating conducts a final inspection to ensure the sealcoating process has been successfully completed and the surface is ready for use.

Through the application of sealcoating, 3-D Paving and Sealcoating helps to protect and prolong the lifespan of asphalt surfaces, reducing long-term maintenance costs. Additionally, sealcoating enhances the appearance of the pavement, providing a smooth, black finish that improves the overall aesthetic of the area.

What is Parking Lot Maintenance?

Parking lot maintenance is an essential service provided by 3-D Paving and Sealcoating. It involves a series of tasks to preserve the functionality and aesthetics of parking lots. The main goal is to prolong the life of the pavement, ensure safety, and create a positive impression on those who use the facility.

Here are the main steps involved in the parking lot maintenance process, as managed by the team at 3-D Paving and Sealcoating:

  • Inspection: The process begins with a thorough inspection of the parking lot. This allows the team at 3-D Paving and Sealcoating to identify any existing damage, potential hazards, or areas requiring immediate attention.
  • Cleaning: Regular cleaning is critical to maintaining the overall appearance and functionality of the parking lot. It involves sweeping the area to remove debris, leaves, and dirt that could block drainage systems and cause damage to the asphalt over time.
  • Repair: Any identified damage, such as potholes, cracks, or erosion, is promptly repaired. This might involve crack filling, asphalt patching, or in some cases, more extensive repairs like asphalt milling and paving.
  • Sealcoating: To protect the asphalt from water, oil, and UV damage, sealcoating is often applied. This procedure not only protects the surface but also rejuvenates its appearance, providing a smooth, black finish that enhances the overall aesthetic.
  • Striping and Marking: Clear, well-painted lines and symbols are essential for directing traffic, designating parking spaces, and ensuring the overall safety of the parking lot. 3-D Paving and Sealcoating provides precise striping and marking services to maintain these important features.
  • Regular Check-ups: Preventive maintenance is key to a well-maintained parking lot. Regular check-ups and timely interventions can extend the life of the pavement and save on costly repairs in the future.

The experts at 3-D Paving and Sealcoating understand that a well-maintained parking lot is not only safer for its users but also presents a positive image of the associated business or establishment. They provide professional parking lot maintenance services designed to keep the parking area in excellent condition because you have enough to worry about. Let 3-D Paving put their expertise and experience to work for you!

Why choose 3-D Paving for asphalt or concrete work?

Choosing 3-D Paving and Sealcoating for your asphalt or concrete work is an investment in high-quality service, expert craftsmanship, and lasting results. This company offers a wide array of services, from asphalt paving and sealcoating to parking lot maintenance and concrete work.

Here are the key reasons why 3-D Paving and Sealcoating stands out as a top choice for your asphalt or concrete needs:

  • Expertise and Experience: 3-D Paving and Sealcoating is backed by a team of professionals with years of experience in the industry. Their in-depth knowledge of asphalt and concrete work allows them to provide efficient and effective solutions to various paving needs.
  • Quality Workmanship: The team at 3-D Paving and Sealcoating is committed to delivering quality workmanship in every project they undertake. They employ cutting-edge techniques and attention to detail to ensure that the finished product meets the highest standards of quality and durability.
  • Comprehensive Services: From the initial assessment and preparation to the execution and final inspection, 3-D Paving and Sealcoating offers a comprehensive range of services. Whether it's asphalt milling, sealcoating, or parking lot maintenance, they have the skills and equipment to handle it all.
  • Environmental Stewardship: 3-D Paving and Sealcoating also prioritizes environmental responsibility. They practice recycling of asphalt millings and use eco-friendly techniques and materials whenever possible.
  • Customer Satisfaction: Above all, 3-D Paving and Sealcoating is dedicated to ensuring customer satisfaction. They listen to their clients' needs, provide personalized solutions, and strive to exceed expectations in every project they undertake.

Choosing 3-D Paving and Sealcoating means opting for a reliable partner that can handle all your asphalt and concrete needs with professionalism and skill. Their commitment to quality service and customer satisfaction makes them a top choice for any paving project. Looking for a free quote and consultation? Click here

Does 3-D Paving do drainage and stormwater work?

Absolutely, 3-D Paving and Sealcoating extends its expertise beyond asphalt and concrete services to include drainage and stormwater management solutions. This critical work is aimed at managing rainwater and preventing potential damage to your pavements or property.

Here's how 3-D Paving and Sealcoating approaches this work:

  • Assessment: The team starts by conducting a thorough evaluation of the site to identify any existing drainage issues and determine the most effective stormwater management strategies.
  • Design: Once the assessment is complete, 3-D Paving and Sealcoating develops a customized drainage solution. This could include the installation of drainage systems, such as French drains or catch basins, or the incorporation of pervious concrete or asphalt to facilitate water infiltration.
  • Implementation: Using their vast experience and state-of-the-art equipment, 3-D Paving and Sealcoating implements the drainage solution with minimal disruption to your property. They carefully manage every step of the process, from excavation and installation to testing the system's effectiveness.
  • Maintenance: After the drainage system is installed, 3-D Paving and Sealcoating offers regular check-ups and maintenance to ensure the system continues to function effectively, protecting your property from water damage.
  • Stormwater Management: In addition to drainage work, 3-D Paving and Sealcoating also designs and implements effective stormwater management plans. These are tailored to meet the specific needs and regulations of your location, providing you with a sustainable, compliant, and effective stormwater solution.

By choosing 3-D Paving and Sealcoating for your drainage and stormwater needs, you're investing in a comprehensive service that prioritizes the long-term health and safety of your property. Their professional team is equipped to deliver effective solutions that meet your unique needs and the environmental requirements of your site.

Does 3-D Paving handle pothole and asphalt repair?

Yes, 3-D Paving and Sealcoating excels in handling all sorts of asphalt repairs, including fixing potholes. Potholes and other surface damage can be a nuisance, presenting safety hazards and detracting from the overall appearance of your pavement. The professionals at 3-D Paving and Sealcoating are well-equipped to address these issues promptly and effectively.

Here's how they approach pothole and asphalt repair:

  • Assessment: The process begins with a thorough evaluation of the damaged area. The team at 3-D Paving and Sealcoating identifies the extent and the root cause of the damage to determine the most appropriate repair method.
  • Cleaning: The damaged area is then cleaned of any debris, loose asphalt, or standing water. This ensures a clean, solid base for the repair material to adhere to.
  • Repair: For potholes, the team fills the void with a suitable asphalt mix and then compact it to create a smooth, level surface. For larger or more complex damage, more extensive repairs such as asphalt milling and paving may be necessary.
  • Sealing: Once the repair is complete, the edges of the repair area are often sealed with an asphalt emulsion to prevent water infiltration and further damage.
  • Finishing: The repaired area is then smoothed and compacted for a seamless finish that blends with the surrounding pavement.
  • Regular Check-ups: 3-D Paving and Sealcoating also offers regular pavement inspections and preventive maintenance services to detect and address minor damage before it escalates into more serious problems like potholes.

With 3-D Paving and Sealcoating, you can trust that your asphalt repair needs, from minor potholes to major pavement restorations, are handled with the highest level of professionalism and care. Their prompt, efficient service ensures minimal disruption, allowing you to get back to using your pavement as soon as possible. Looking for a free quote and consultation? Click here.

Does 3-D Paving with with HOAs and Community Associations?

Yes, 3-D Paving and Sealcoating offers comprehensive paving and maintenance services tailored to meet the specific needs of Homeowners Associations (HOAs) and Community Associations. They understand the unique challenges these organizations face in maintaining their roads, driveways, parking lots, and other paved areas, and they are equipped to provide effective, reliable solutions.

3-D Paving and Sealcoating are proud members of the South Florida Property Managers Association (SFPMA). To link with our SFPMA profile, click here

Here's what you can expect when engaging 3-D Paving and Sealcoating for your HOA or Community Association:

Customized Service: 3-D Paving and Sealcoating works closely with HOAs and Community Associations to understand their specific needs, budget constraints, and timelines. They then tailor their services accordingly, providing solutions that best match the requirements of the community.

Quality Workmanship: Whether it's asphalt paving, sealcoating, parking lot maintenance, or concrete work, 3-D Paving and Sealcoating ensures high-quality workmanship in every project. They employ modern techniques, state-of-the-art equipment, and a meticulous approach to deliver results that enhance the aesthetic and functional value of the community.

Routine Maintenance: 3-D Paving and Sealcoating also offers routine maintenance services to HOAs and Community Associations. Regular inspections and timely repairs can prevent minor issues from turning into major problems, saving the community significant repair costs in the long run.

Effective Communication: Understanding the importance of clear, timely communication, 3-D Paving and Sealcoating maintains an open line of communication with the HOA or Community Association. They provide regular updates, answer questions, and address concerns promptly.

Compliance with Regulations: 3-D Paving and Sealcoating ensures that all their work complies with local regulations and codes, providing HOAs and Community Associations with peace of mind regarding legal compliance.

By choosing 3-D Paving and Sealcoating for your HOA or Community Association, you're opting for a professional, reliable partner that will work to keep your community's paved areas safe, attractive, and durable. Their commitment to customer satisfaction, quality work, and integrity makes them a trusted choice for community pavement maintenance and repair.

Looking for a free quote and consultation? Click here.

Does 3-D Paving handle Commercial Paving?

Absolutely, 3-D Paving and Sealcoating is highly experienced in commercial paving, providing a broad range of services to businesses of all sizes across various industries. They understand that commercial paving projects require careful planning, precise execution, and minimal disruption to business operations.

Here's how 3-D Paving and Sealcoating delivers top-notch commercial paving services:

  • Consultation: The process begins with a thorough understanding of the client's requirements. The team at 3-D Paving and Sealcoating consults with each business to identify their specific paving needs, deadlines, and budget constraints.
  • Site Preparation: Prior to any paving work, the team prepares the site by clearing any debris, ensuring proper drainage, and creating a strong, stable base. They use modern techniques and equipment to ensure the prepared site is ready for the paving process.
  • Paving: Whether it's asphalt paving, concrete work, or a combination of both, 3-D Paving and Sealcoating utilizes high-quality materials and proven methodologies to create durable and attractive surfaces. This includes parking lots, driveways, walkways, and other commercial paved areas.
  • Finishing and Inspection: Once the paving work is completed, the team ensures the finished surface is smooth and safe. A final inspection is conducted to ensure the project meets the highest standards of quality and client satisfaction.
  • Maintenance: 3-D Paving and Sealcoating also offers ongoing maintenance services to help prolong the life of the pavement. This includes sealcoating, crack filling, pothole repair, and line striping, all tailored to keep your commercial pavement in excellent condition.

Choosing 3-D Paving and Sealcoating for your commercial paving project means partnering with a dedicated, professional team that prioritizes your business needs. Their commitment to delivering high-quality results on time and within budget makes them an excellent choice for any commercial paving project. Want a free quote and consultation for your commercial paving job? Click here

What is 3-D Paving and Sealcoating's service area?

3-D Paving and Sealcoating is proud to offer their extensive range of paving and sealcoating services across South Florida. They strive to provide the highest quality of service to both residential and commercial customers throughout the region.

Here are the major towns and cities within 3-D Paving and Sealcoating's service area in South Florida:

  1. Miami: As the cultural, economic, and financial center of South Florida, Miami holds a significant place in 3-D Paving and Sealcoating's service area.

  2. Fort Lauderdale: Located on Florida's southeastern coast, Fort Lauderdale is another crucial city where 3-D Paving and Sealcoating offers its services.

  3. West Palm Beach: As one of the main cities in the Miami metropolitan area, West Palm Beach is within the service reach of 3-D Paving and Sealcoating.

  4. Boca Raton: Known for its golf courses, parks, and beaches, Boca Raton residents and businesses can benefit from 3-D Paving and Sealcoating's expertise.

  5. Coral Springs: This city in Broward County is another area where 3-D Paving and Sealcoating provides its professional services.

  6. Pembroke Pines: As a populous city, Pembroke Pines businesses and homeowners can access the range of services offered by 3-D Paving and Sealcoating.

  7. Hollywood: Located in Broward County, Hollywood is another key service area for 3-D Paving and Sealcoating.

  8. Miramar: This city, nestled between Miami and Fort Lauderdale, is also covered in the service area of 3-D Paving and Sealcoating.

  9. Pompano Beach: Known for its marinas and offshore coral reef, Pompano Beach is within the service radius of 3-D Paving and Sealcoating.

  10. Hialeah: As the sixth-largest city in Florida, Hialeah is a significant location where 3-D Paving and Sealcoating provides its services.

Whether you're in the heart of a bustling city or a quieter town in South Florida, 3-D Paving and Sealcoating is ready to meet your asphalt and concrete needs with the same level of dedication, professionalism, and high-quality service. To see a larger list of the cities we offer services for click here. Are you looking for a free quote and consultation? Click here

What is a pavement maintenance plan?

A pavement maintenance plan is a proactive strategy designed by professionals like 3-D Paving and Sealcoating to ensure the longevity, safety, and aesthetics of your paved surfaces. Such a plan is crucial for both residential and commercial properties to maintain the quality of their pavements and avoid costly repairs down the line.

Here are the key components of a pavement maintenance plan:

  • Inspection: Regular and thorough inspections are a vital part of any pavement maintenance plan. The team at 3-D Paving and Sealcoating evaluates the condition of the pavement, identifies any existing damage, and anticipates potential issues. They look for signs of wear and tear, cracking, potholes, drainage issues, and other concerns.
  • Preventive Maintenance: Based on the inspection results, 3-D Paving and Sealcoating will schedule regular maintenance services, such as sealcoating and crack filling, to prevent minor issues from escalating into major problems. This not only preserves the integrity of the pavement but also enhances its appearance.
  • Repair: If damage is identified during the inspection, timely repair is essential. Depending on the extent and type of damage, this could involve patching potholes, replacing sections of pavement, or undertaking more comprehensive resurfacing or rehabilitation work.
  • Planning: A good maintenance plan also includes long-term planning. 3-D Paving and Sealcoating will provide recommendations for future maintenance and repair work, including estimated timelines and costs. This allows property owners to budget and schedule accordingly, ensuring the pavement remains in optimal condition.
  • Regular Updates: 3-D Paving and Sealcoating will provide regular updates on the condition of your pavement and the effectiveness of the maintenance plan. This allows for adjustments as necessary to meet changing conditions or needs.

Implementing a pavement maintenance plan with 3-D Paving and Sealcoating means you are taking proactive steps to extend the life of your pavement, saving you time and money in the long run. Their professional team ensures that your pavement receives the care and attention it needs to stay in top condition. Looking for a free quote and consultation? Click here

Does 3-D Paving handle ADA or ADA compliance violations?

Yes, 3-D Paving and Sealcoating is well-versed in ensuring ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act) compliance for all your paving projects. They understand the importance of creating accessible spaces and ensuring that your premises do not violate ADA regulations.

Here's how 3-D Paving and Sealcoating approaches ADA compliance and violation issues:

  • Evaluation: The team at 3-D Paving and Sealcoating begins by conducting a thorough assessment of your existing pavement and facilities. They identify any areas that do not meet ADA standards or could potentially result in a violation.
  • Planning and Design: They then develop a plan to address any non-compliance issues, which may include re-designing parking lots to include the required number of handicap-accessible spaces, installing curb ramps, creating accessible pathways, and adjusting slopes for wheelchair accessibility.
  • Execution: 3-D Paving and Sealcoating carries out the necessary modifications or new construction with utmost precision, ensuring every detail aligns with ADA standards. They utilize state-of-the-art equipment and high-quality materials to ensure durable, functional, and compliant results.
  • Inspection: Once the work is complete, they conduct a thorough inspection to confirm that all changes meet ADA requirements.
  • Preventive Measures: 3-D Paving and Sealcoating also provides guidance on maintaining ADA compliance in the future, helping you avoid potential violations.

Partnering with 3-D Paving and Sealcoating for ADA compliance issues means you're entrusting your project to a team that not only understands the specific requirements of ADA but also values the importance of accessibility for everyone. They strive to create spaces where everyone, regardless of their physical abilities, can move freely and safely. Looking for a free quote and consultation? Click here

Asphalt Paving

Asphalt Paving & Repairs

Sealcoating

Commercial Sealcoating

Striping & Markings

Standard & Thermoplastic Striping

Parking Lots

Installation & Repairs

Concrete Flatwork

Slabs, Sidewalks & More

Drainage

Catch Basins & Stormwater repair

Site Delvelopment

Excavation, Grading & More

ADA Compliance

Installation & Modifications

The Paving and Concrete Terminology Dictionary.

We get it. Sometimes contractors can be confusing, Looking at proposals and services can be hard when you don't use the same words in daily life. If you need help, Here is and Helpful Asphalt & Concrete Terminology Dictionary.

Asphalt Terminology

Aggregate

  • A hard inert mineral material, such as gravel, crushed rock, slag, or crushed stone, used in pavement applications either by itself or for mixing with asphalt.

Asphalt

  • A dark brown to black cementitious material in which the predominating constituents are bitumens, which occur in nature or are obtained in petroleum processing. Asphalt is a constituent in varying proportions of most crude petroleum and used for paving, roofing, industrial and other special purposes.

Alligator Cracks

  • Interconnected cracks forming a series of small blocks resembling an alligator’s skin or chicken-wire, and caused by excessive deflection of the surface over unstable subgrade or lower course of the pavement.

Asphalt Leveling Course

  • A course of hot mix asphalt of variable thickness used to eliminate irregularities in the contour of an existing surface prior to placing the subsequent course.

Asphalt Tack Coat

  • A relatively thin application of asphalt binder applied to an existing asphalt concrete or PCC surface at a prescribed rate. Asphalt emulsion diluted with water is the preferred type. It is used to form a bond between an existing surface and the overlying course.

Base Course

  • The layer in the pavement system immediately below the binder and surface courses. It usually consists of crushed stone, although it may consist of crushed slag or other stabilized or unstabilized material.

Compaction

  • The act of compressing a given volume of material into a smaller volume.

Full-Depth Asphalt Pavement

  • The term FULL-DEPTH (registered by the Asphalt Institute with the U.S. Patent Office) certifies that the pavement is one in which asphalt mixtures are employed for all courses above the subgrade or improved subgrade. A Full-Depth asphalt pavement is placed directly on the prepared subgrade.

Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA)

  • High quality, thoroughly controlled hot mixture of asphalt binder (cement) and well-graded, high quality aggregate, which can be compacted into a uniform dense mass.

Longitudinal Crack

  • A vertical crack in the pavement that follows a course approximately parallel to the centerline.

Milling Machine

  • A self-propelled unit having a cutting head equipped with carbide-tipped tools for the pulverization and removal of layers of asphalt materials from pavements.

Polished Aggregate

  • Aggregate particles in a pavement surface that have been worn smooth by traffic.

Potholes

  • Bowl-shaped openings in the pavement resulting from localized disintegration.

Raveling

  • The progressive separation of aggregate particles in a pavement from the surface downward or from the edges inward.

Reflection Cracks

  • Cracks in asphalt overlays (usually over deteriorated PCC pavements) that reflect the crack pattern in the pavement structure below it.

Resurfacing

  • This word can have a dual meaning, in one scenario it could mean to place a coating of sealer over the asphalt in other cases it could mean to install 1.5 to 2.5 inches of asphalt over an existing surface.

Sealcoating or Seal Coat

  • A thin surface treatment used to improve the surface texture and protect an asphalt surface. The main types of seal coats are fog seals, sand seals, slurry seals, micro-surfacing, cape seals, sandwich seals and chip seals.

Shrinkage Cracks

  • Interconnected cracks forming a series of large blocks, usually with sharp corners or angles.

Slippage Cracks

  • Crescent-shaped cracks resulting from traffic-induced horizontal forces that are open in the direction of the thrust of wheels on the pavement surface. They result when severe or repeated shear stresses are applied to the surface and there is a lack of bond between the surface layer and the course beneath.

Spalling

  • The breaking or chipping of a PCC pavement at joints, cracks or edges, usually resulting in fragments with feather edges.

Subbase

  • The course in the asphalt pavement structure immediately below the base course. If the subgrade soil has adequate support, it may serve as the subbase.

Transverse Crack

  • A crack that follows a course approximately at right angles to the centerline.

Upheaval

  • The localized upward displacement of a pavement due to swelling of the subgrade or some portion of the pavement structure.

Concrete Terminology

Air Entraining

  • The capability of a material or process to develop a system of microscopic bubbles of air in cement paste, mortar, or concrete during mixing.

Blistering

  • The irregular raising of a thin layer at the surface of a placed cementitious mixture during or soon after completion of the finishing operation, or, in the case of pipe, after spinning; also bulging of a finish coat as it separates and draws away from a base coat.

Blowup

  • The raising of two concrete slabs off the subgrade where they meet as a result of grater expansion than the joint between them will accommodate; typically occurs only in unusually hot weather where joints have become filled with incompressible material; often results in cracks on both sides of the joint and parallel to it.

Calcium Chloride

  • A crystalline solid, CaCl2; in various technical grades, used as a drying agent, as an accelerator of concrete, as a deicing chemical, and for other purposes.

Cast-in-Place

  • Referring to a cementitious mixture that is deposited in the place where it is required to harden as part of the structure, as opposed to precast concrete.

Caulk

  • To place a material in a crack or joint with the intent of retarding entry of dirt or water.

Cement, Air-Entraining Hydraulic

  • Hydraulic cement containing sufficient amounts of air-entraining agent to produce a cementitious mixture containing entrained air within specified limits.

Cement, High-Early-Strength

  • Portland cement characterized by attaining a given level of strength in mortar or concrete earlier than does normal Portland cement; referred to in the U.S. as Type III.

Cement, Portland

  • A hydraulic cement produced by pulverizing clinker formed by heating a mixture, usually of limestone and clay, to 1400 to 1600 degree C (2550 to 2900 degree F). Calcium sulfate is usually ground with the clinker control set.

Cold Weather

  • A period when the average daily ambient temperature is below 40 degree F for more than three successive days. Note: The average daily temperature is the average of the highest and lowest temperature during the period from midnight to midnight. When temperatures above 50 degree F occur during more than half of any 24-hour duration, the period shall no longer be regarded as cold weather.

Concrete, Green

  • Concrete that has set but not hardened appreciably.

Concrete, Precast

  • Concrete cast elsewhere than its final position.

Concrete, Ready-Mixed

  • Concrete manufactured for delivery to a purchaser in a fresh state.

Core Test

  • Compression test on a concrete sample cut from hardened concrete by means of a core drill.

Crack

  • A complete or incomplete separation, of either concrete or masonry, into two or more parts produced by breaking or fracturing.

Crack, Diagonal

  • In a flexural member, an inclined crack caused by shear stress, usually at about 45 degrees to the axis; or a crack in a slab, not parallel to either the lateral or longitudinal directions.

Crack, Hairline

  • A concrete surface crack with a width so small as to be barely perceptible.

Crack, Longitudinal

  • A crack that develops parallel to the length of a member.

Crack, Plastic-Shrinkage

  • Surface crack that occurs in concrete prior to initial set.

Crack, Shrinkage

  • Crack due to restraint shrinkage.

Crack, Transverse

  • A crack that crosses the longer dimension of the member.

Curing

  • Action taken to maintain moisture and temperature conditions in a freshly placed cementitious mixture to allow hydraulic cement hydration and (if applicable) pozzolanic reactions to occur so that the potential properties of the mixture may develop.

Fabric, Welded-Wire

  • A series of longitudinal and transverse wires arranged approximately at right angles to each other and welded together at all points of intersection.

False work

  • The temporary structure erected to support work in the process of construction: composed of shoring or vertical posting, formwork for beams and slabs, and lateral bracing.

Freeze / Thaw damage

  • This word can have a dual meaning. In one senerio it could mean to place a coating of sealer over the asphalt, in other cases it could mean to install.

Fiber-Reinforced Polymer (FRP)

  • A general term for a composite material comprising a polymer matrix reinforced with fibers in the form of fabric, mat, strands, or any other fiber form.

Finish, Broom

  • The surface texture obtained by stroking a broom over freshly placed concrete.

Finish, Exposed-Aggregate

  • A decorative finish for concrete work achieved by removing, generally before the concrete has fully hardened, the outer skin of mortar and exposing the coarse aggregate.

Finish, Trowel

  • The smooth or textured finish of an unformed concrete surface obtained by troweling.

Formwork

  • Total system of support for freshly placed concrete including the mold or sheathing that contacts the concrete as well as supporting members, hardware, and necessary bracing; sometimes called shuttering in the United Kingdom.

Foundation

  • A system of structural elements that transmit loads from the structure above to the earth.

Grade

  • The prepared surface on which a concrete slab is cast; the process of preparing a plane surface of granular material or soil on which to cast a concrete slab.

Joint – 1

  • A physical separation in a concrete system, whether precast or cast-in-place, including cracks if intentionally made to occur at specified locations; or 2) the region where structural members intersect.

Joint, Construction

  • The surface where two successive placements of concrete meet, across which it may be desirable to achieve bond and through which reinforcement may be continuous.

Joint, Expansion – 1

  • A separation provided adjoining parts of a structure to allow movement where expansion is likely to exceed contraction; or 2) a separation between pavement slabs on grade, filled with a compressible filler materials, or 3) an isolation joint intended to allow independent movement between adjoining parts.

Lime

  • Specifically, calcium oxide (CaO); loosely, a general term for the various chemical and physical forms of quicklime, hydrated lime, and hydraulic hydrated lime.

Overlay

  • A layer of concrete or mortar, seldom thinner than 1 inch (25 mm), placed on and usually bonded onto the worn or cracked surface of a concrete slab to either restore or improve the function of the previous surface, also polymeric concrete usually less than .4 inches (10 mm) thick.

Raveling

  • The wearing a way of concrete surface caused by the dislodging of aggregate particles.

Reinforcement

  • Bars, wires, strands or other slender members that are embedded in concrete in such a manner that they and the concrete act together in resisting forces.

Shoring

  • Props or posts of timber or other material in compression used for the temporary support of excavations, formwork, or unsafe structures; the process of erecting shores.

Spall

  • A fragment, usually in the shape of a flake, detached from a larger mass by a blow, the action of weather, pressure, or expansion within the larger mass.

Spalling

  • The development of spalls.

Tie – 1

  • Loop of reinforcing bars encircling the longitudinal steel in columns; and 2) a tensile unit adapted to holding concrete forms against the lateral pressure of unhardened concrete.

Type I Cement

  • General purpose Portland cement.

Type II Cement

  • A Portland cement for use when either moderate heat of hydration, moderate sulfate resistance, or both, is desired.

Type III Cement

  • Portland cement characterized by attaining a given level of strength in mortar or concrete earlier than does normal Portland cement.

Type IV Cement

  • A Portland cement for use when a low heat of hydration is desired.

Type V Cement

  • Portland cement, low in tricalcium aluminates, to reduce susceptibility on concrete to attack by dissolved sulfates in water or soils.

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